Signs of Rosacea

Managing Rosacea
Avoiding Rosacea Triggers
Many people with rosacea find that certain activities, foods and environmental conditions will aggravate a flare-up. But since triggers can vary from person to person, keeping a journal can help you find and avoid potential problems like:
•    Sun exposure
•    Hot water
•    Exercise
•    Cold weather
•    Wind
•    Spicy foods or hot drinks
•    Alcoholic beverages
•    Hormonal changes (menopause)
•    Stress
•    Certain skin care products or medications with steroids

It is absolutely essential to discuss your condition and triggers with your skin care professional for successful treatment and management of your rosacea symptoms.

The word rosacea comes from the Latin word for “rose colored,” but it is far from pleasant for those who struggle with the condition. At the very least, it causes a reddening of the face. It often affects people with fair complexions and adults between 30-60, including a prevalence among women going through menopause. There are 4 categories of rosacea, each with different symptoms and potential treatment regimens:

1.    Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR)—The face appears flushed and red, especially in the center; broken blood vessels may appear and the skin may be swollen, dry, rough and very sensitive with a burning or stinging sensation.

2.    Papulopustular rosacea—The signature redness, broken blood vessels and sensitive skin also comes with acne-like flare-ups. The skin may be oily and develop plaques (raised, thickened patches of skin).

3.    Phymatous rosacea—A rarer subtype than the previous two, this type of rosacea often follows either ETR or Papulopustular rosacea. In this case, the skin of the nose, cheeks, chin, forehead and/or ears starts to thicken as well and the skin develops a bumpy texture, along with visible broken blood vessels and very large pores.

4.    Ocular rosacea—This type affects the eyes, which will appear bloodshot and teary; sometimes it looks like the person has a sty. It may feel like sand is in the eyes, or they may feel itchy or sensitive to the light. Cysts and broken blood vessels may be visible on the eyelid, and vision may become blurred.

Rosacea can make its sufferers feel self-conscious, anxious and uncomfortable. However, although there is no cure for rosacea, there are a lot of things your skin care professional can do to diagnose and treat the symptoms so that they are less severe. There are several types of medication, creams and even laser therapy that can significantly improve the quality of life for those with rosacea.

It is also important to talk with your skin care professional about your daily skin-care regimen if you have rosacea. In particular, you should only use gentle, fragrance-free cleansers with lukewarm water—and absolutely no harsh scrubbing with a wash cloth! Gentle moisturizers and sunscreen with at least an SPF of 15 are also a good idea. Your skin care professional can also recommend green-tinged cosmetics that can successfully cover up red patches, followed by yellow-tinged foundations.
Speak to your skin care professional to get more information about how to get your rosacea under control..


American Academy of Dermatology, “ Rosacea: Signs and Symptoms.” 2015.

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, “ What is Rosacea?” 2009.

National Rosacea Society, “All About Rosacea.” 2015.